Types Of Hair Fungi & Fungus
Types of hair fungus and fungal infections of the scalp are not uncommon and often result in some hair loss. Probably the most well-known fungal infection is tinea capitis – commonly known as ringworm. It can be easy to grow concerned over an itchy scalp when reality you should look for key signs.
Ringworm, or tinea capitis, appears as a small area, the size of a pea, which appears red and inflamed; the area will grow outwards in the classic circle or ring shape.
Despite the name there are no worms involved in this condition. These rings develop into crusty, scaly patches. Sufferers of this type of ringworm hair fungus may also experience intense itchiness in the scalp and swollen lymph nodes in the neck. However, the symptoms of ringworm often vary from individual to individual and can often be cleared with an anti fungal shampoo. The distinctive ringworm pattern seen on the skin varies depending on the organism causing the infection.
Black Dot Ringworm - also known as trichophyton, this causes infection to form within the hair shaft, this in turn causes hair to become extremely brittle and break. Infected blisters may appear at the base of the hair shaft.
Animal or soil fungi can cause inflammatory ringworm that, if left untreated, can cause permanent scarring and hair loss. Pustules or abscesses may appear on the scalp and the patient may experience fever, pain, intense itching and swollen lymph nodes.
The most common ringworm in Eastern Europe is caused by microsporum that causes grey patch ringworm. An individual infected with grey patch ringworm will have red, dry, scaly lesions around the hair shaft – the hair will appear to be grey, look dull and dry, becoming increasingly fragile and breaking. The patient will experience intense itching.
Scalp ringworm is a mild condition found very often in children and is caused by the fungal organism’s dermatohytes infecting body tissue in the skin, hair and nails. Ringworm does not only affect the head and scalp; it is frequently found in other areas of the body.
Ringworm is a contagious condition passed around by contact with infected individuals or contaminated objects such as pillows, combs, and furniture. It is far less common, although entirely possible, to catch ringworm from animals or soil.
Anyone who suffers with the condition seborrheic dermatitis is more vulnerable to contracting fungal infections – and any infection may make the dermatitis much worse. A fungal scalp infection associated with seborrhea dermatitis may be caused by yeast pityrosporon ovale (or Malassezia). This organism is present, in minute numbers, on everyone’s skin and is generally harmless. However, an overgrowth of this fungus will cause skin problems and will exacerbate any sebhorrea dermatitis. The attendant itchiness and flakiness associated with this type of dermatitis makes the spreading of a fungal infection much more likely. A good seborrheic dermatitis shampoo will often control or clear symptoms.
The fungal hair infection known as peidra causes nodules of differing hardness to develop on the infected hair strands which can be felt. It is frequently confused with head lice or a simple bacterial infection. Piedra may co-exist with a bacterial infection in the armpits or groin. Left untreated piedra may develop into black spots on the scalp.